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2 Problem statement 2
2 Problem statement
In this assignment you will be implementing a complete full stack application
by “putting togehter” all the bits and pieces you have been studying over
the course. The emphasis though is on JDBC and Java networking aspects,
as the rest has been assessed in previous assignments.
In particular, you will be developing a 3-tier TCP-based networking
multi-threaded client-server application to consult a database about books.
The application features a client that o↵ers a JavaFX based graphical user
interface to request the service and communicate with a intermediate server
providing a query specific service. The server, located in the local host, will
be composed of two parts or classes; one being the main server which attend
request as they arrive on an infinite loop, and the server’s service provider
that are created to attend each service. It is the server’s service provider
which does connects to the database using JDBC, retrieves the outcome of
the query and sends back the outcome to the client.
Although each service provider thread will only attend 1 request and
then stop, the server will attend any number of request by creating new
service threads.
The service provided is a fixed but parametrizable query; Given an author’s family name and a library’s city, the query must retrive the list of
books available from the author at the indicated library. For each title
available, the query must retrieve, the book’s title, the publisher, the gnere
and the recommended retailer’s price together with the number of copies
available for that title at that library. Books from the author that are not
available in the library (i.e. 0 copies) should NOT be listed.
Both, the client and the server applications should be able to work withut
errors when the query returns no entries. The server will be robust to SQL
In all classes, you are requested to treat exceptions in the method that
first can raise them i.e. do not rely in throws clauses to deal with exceptions
at a later stage. If some exceptions requires you to stop the execution of
either the servers, or the client without a correct resolution of the request,
make sure that in those cases you exit the program with code 1. Exit with
code 0 if program execution is correct.
Feel free to use any IDE of your choice, but tests will be carried from
the command line. The back end will be implemented in postgreSQL using
postgresql-42.6.0.jar driver. Tests will be run in a Windows 11 machine.
3 Setting up the database 3
3 Setting up the database
For this assignment you will use the ’FSAD2023 Books’ database. This
is provided to you. Download the file books.sql from Canvas. Open as
postgres shell window and connect with your own credentials. First, you
need to state the path on your own computer where you have the file. Then
import this file is as follows.
\i books.sql
Once you have imported the tables, you can list them by performing the
following command in PostgreSQL:
Note that this will list all of the tables you may have created in this database.
Run SQL commands to view the contents of each table by doing
SELECT * FROM tablename;
replacing tablename with the name of the table you want to look at.
4 Templates
You are provided with templates for all classes in canvas. The exercise
requires you to fill the gaps clearly identified with;
The templates already contain all the atributes, methods, and correct
signatures. There is no need to create more attributes for the classes, nor
additional methods, nor to import new classes or libraries, but you can
declare local variables within the methods as you may need. Do not alter
the signature of the methods as the automarker will rely on these.
5 Methods description
Only move to this stage when you have set up the database, as above.
5 Methods description 4
5.1 Credentials.java
The Credentials.java contains the credentials for the database (username,
password, url) and for the server connection (host address, port number).
You must replace the credentials with your own. Submitting this class is
optional, as we are going to use our own credentials for testing your code.
Therefore, you can delete this class from the src folder of your .zip file
before submitting your assignment.
5.2 BooksDatabaseServer.java
The server main class. This server provides a service to access the Books
database. The server application will run indefinitively until Ctrl+C (Windows or Linux) or Opt-Cmd-Shift-Esc (Mac OSX) is pressed. Add your
student id in the file opening comments.
• public BooksDatabaseServer(): Class constructor. Creates the server
socket. Reads the connection credentials from class Credentials.
• public void executeServiceLoop(): Runs the service (infinite) loop.
This method accepts the server’s service requests. The method listens
for incoming client requests and creates a service threads to attend the
requests as needed.
• public static void main(String[] args): Provided. No need to do
anything. Execution.
5.3 BooksDatabaseService.java
This class is the service provider or client handler. This class is the one
responsible for reading the client request, connect to the database, make the
query, retrieve the outcome of the query and sends it back to the client. This
class extends Thread. Add your student id in the file opening comments.
• public BooksDatabaseService(Socket aSocket): Class constructor.
Initializes the server service’s socket attribute and launches the service
• public String[] retrieveRequest(): Receives the information correspondinf to the client request. This method accepts the server’s service
requests. Upon receiving the service request, it parses the message to
remove the termination character (‘#’) from the incoming message. The
message will arrive in the form of a string. The remaining part of the
incoming message contains the two parameters of the query; that is, the
author’s surname and the city of the library separated by a semicolon; e.g.
5 Methods description 5
‘Tolkien;Alenxandria’. This method must parse the message splitting this
message content into its two components and rreturn a String[] with
two elements; the first one being the author’s surname and the second
being the library.
• public boolean attendRequest(): This method provides the actual
service. It connects to the database, make the query, execute the query
and retrieve the outcome and process the query. It should be robust
to SQL injection. The connection, statement and result set should be
closed properly afterwards. The processing of the query will transfer
the contents of the ResultSet obtained from executing the query, into
a CachedRowSet object that can survive the closing of the connection
and can be sent over a socket (i.e. it requires to be serializable). The
method returns a flag indicating whether the service has been attended
sucessfully. Finally, to transfer the contents of the ResultSet into a
CachedRowSet object you can use;
RowSetFactory aFactory = RowSetProvider.newFactory();
CachedRowSet crs = aFactory.createCachedRowSet();
crs.populate(rs); // with rs being the ResultSet
variable .
• public void returnServiceOutcome(): Communicate the service outcome back to the client. This method returns the outcome of the request
to the client and closes the service’s socket. To send full objects through
a socket you can use ObjectOutputStream. For instance;
ObjectOutputStream outcomeStreamWriter = new
• public void run (): Provided. No need to do anything. Execution.
5.4 BooksDatabaseClient.java
This is the client or service consumer. It is a JavaFX application with a
simple GUI (See Figure 1) with 2 major parts;
• An input area with two TextFields two insert the author’s surname and
the library’s city and a button to request the service every time it is
• An output area with a TableView to render the outcome of the last query.
Note that the same client can request the service many times by simply
pressing the button again, and in every request, the current selected values
in the input boxes will be used for parameterizing the query. Note that you
do not transmit the query, but only the values of the parameters.
5 Methods description 6
Fig. 1: Books database client GUI.
In order to adequately populate the TableView with the result, the class
also has an internal nested class MyTableRecord (Provided. No need to do
• public BooksDatabaseClient(): Provided. No need to do anything.
Class constructor. Initializes the attribute storing the application instance in javafx.
• public void initializeSocket(): Initializes the client socket using the
credentials in class Credentials.
• public void requestService(): This methods requests the service. It
adds a terminating character (‘#’) to the service request message and
sends the message to the server via the client socket.
• public void reportServiceOutcome(): Receives the outcome of the
service and renders such outcome in the output area of the interface.
The service outcome is received by deserializing the CachedRowSet object
using ObjectInputStream; e.g.
ObjectInputStream outcomeStreamReader = new
serviceOutcome = (CachedRowSet)
Upon receiving this outcome, the method iterates over outcome to update
the table contents. For this, you will use the aforementioned nested class
MyTableRecord, e.g.
6 What to submit? 7
ObservableList tmpRecords =
// Here , result is the TableView object .
tmpRecords.clear(); // Clear the table content
while ( this .serviceOutcome.next()) {
result.setItems(tmpRecords); // Update table contents
• public void execute(): This method implements the callback action
to be execute when the button to request the service is pushed. In order
to do so, it has to create a service request message containing the two
parameters of the query by reading the values at the input TextFields;
that is, the author’s surname and the city of the library separated by a
semicolon; e.g. ‘Tolkien;Alenxandria’, and save this into the userCommand attribute. This method will then further proceed to initialize the
socket, request the service and report the service outcomeby calling the
appropriate methods. Finally, it closes the connection with the server’s
• public void start(Stage primaryStage): Provided. No need to do
anything. This is JavaFX’s main method. This method creates the GUI.
• public static void main (String[] args): Provided. No need to do
anything. This is the overall main method. It launches the client application.
6 What to submit?
This is a sumative assignment.
1. Compress into a single .zip file the three .java files corresponding to
BooksDatabaseServer.java, BooksDatabaseService.java and the
BooksDatabaseClient.java classes. You may or may not include the
Credentials.java file.
2. Submit the .zip file into canvas.
Do NOT include the database file .sql or the postgres driver in the .zip.
7 Rubric 8
IMPORTANT: Do NOT use winrar for compressing but standard
.zip. Do ONLY zipped the afore mentioned files. Do NOT create or
organize the files into folders. If you develop your code in some IDE,
e.g. IntelliJ, extract only the source files and do not submit the whole
project. A penalty will be applied to your marks if any repackaging is
necessary at our end.
7 Rubric
• BooksDatabaseServer.java: 25%
• BooksDatabaseService.java: 40%
• BooksDatabaseClient.java: 35%
8 Sample outputs
Your outputs should match the sample outputs.
8.1 Server output
All server output is reported via the console. This combines the output of
both the BooksDatabaseServer.java and the BooksDatabaseService.java
as they together both form the server application. An exemplary output of
the server application is shown in Figure 2. The numbers accompanying the
“Service thread” line prefixes corresponds to the thread id. These will vary
in each run.
8.2 Client output
The client output is reported via both, the GUI and the console. An exemplary output of the client application in the console is shown in Figure 3.
The corresponding two services requests in such execution are presented in
Figures 4 and 5 respectively. Also, Figure 1 shows how the output table
should look when a query returns no records. A console output when a
query returns no records will simply be empty e.g.
Client: Requesting books database service for user command
**** []
8 Sample outputs 9
Fig. 2: Exemplary server console output.
Fig. 3: Exemplary client console output.
The lines preceded by **** list object identifiers in the outcome. These
will vary in each run. It is optional to include these lines in the output.
8 Sample outputs 10
Fig. 4: Exemplary query output to input author Tolkien and library in
Fig. 5: Exemplary query output to input author Lewis and library in Puebla.

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